The review focuses on the diverse roles of β-glucans, which are glucose polymers found in yeast, fungi, and cereals like oats, barley, seaweeds, and mushrooms. β-Glucans are known for their various biological activities, including anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, and immune-modulating effects. They are significant components of nutritional diets and play a crucial role in food processing industries, being used in products like bread, yogurt, and pasta.
One of the key focuses of the review is the impact of β-glucans on gut microbiota, which is increasingly recognized for its essential role in regulating human health. The review gathers evidence on the types of β-glucans, their functional properties, and, importantly, how they influence gut microbiota. It suggests that β-glucans significantly affect the changes in gut microbiota, thereby impacting human health. This comprehensive review aims to clarify the mechanisms through which β-glucans regulate the gut microbiota and how these changes translate to broader health benefits.
Jayachandran, M., Chen, J., Chung, S. S. M., & Xu, B. (2018). A critical review on the impacts of β-glucans on gut microbiota and human health. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 61, 101-110.